Eastern Red Cedar

(Juniperus virginiana) Evergreen shrub or tree, highly variable in form. Stems are 4-sided, usually having tiny, overlapping scale-like leaves, but frequently there are longer, slender pointed leaves that do not overlap. Leaves are fragrant and bluish to yellow green or reddish brown. Male cones are tiny and numerous at stem ends. Female cones, on separate trees, are 1/4 ", blue, and berrylike, with a whitish, or frosted coating. Upright, narrow form, broadening with age. The aromatic wood is that of cedar chests. Fence posts made from this tree are very durable. 60-90 feet maximum height.

American history: Sherwood Forest Plantation, near Williamsburg, Va.